Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion

Dr Adedoyin O. Dosumu
AG. HOD Haematology and Blood Transfusion

INTRODUCTION
The Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion is the study of blood formation, the science of blood flow in and within the vessels, the use of blood for therapeutic purpose and the causes, process and management of blood disorders.

OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE

  • To make the students understand the science of blood formation, functions and diseases.
  • To learn the principle, process and tools used in making diagnosis in haematology and have hands on laboratory training.
  • To have confidence in making diagnosis of blood disorders and interpretation of laboratory results.
  • To make evidence based clinical decisions in the management of common blood disorders.
  • To acquire ability to communicate, research and to work in a team.
  • To teach the students the mechanism by which other systemic disorders affect the haemopoietic system.

VISION
To be outstanding in innovation, research and teaching of the science and practice of haematology and blood transfusion medicine.

MISSION
To impact students with creativity, skills, knowledge and confidence in the science and practice of haematology and blood transfusion medicine that will meet the demand of their generation with a spirit of team work in a friendly and conducive environment.

CORE VALUES:

  • ETHICAL: Do the right thing, at the right time, in the right way and for the right reason.
  • MENTORSHIP: Counsel, support, guide and role model students for best performance
  • INTEGRITY: Accountability, transparency, fairness and being thorough.
  • OPTIMIZATION: To optimize resources, time, space and personnel for desired impact.
  • TEAM WORK: Good and timely communication, respect for each other’s opinion and belief, sharing of knowledge and competence, complementing colleagues and celebrating our success together.

MODE OF INSTRUCTION:

  • Lectures with the use of teaching aids
  • Seminars
  • Laboratory practical instructions and hands on training
  • Course and group work.

On the hospital side the department is multifaceted and provides a rich source of material for teaching: :

  • Out-patient Clinic: The department runs three out-patient clinics a week
  • In-patient Care
  • Day Care Centre
  • Blood Donor Clinic
  • Blood Bank
  • Blood Screening Unit
  • Haematology Laboratory
  • LASUTH/IHVN-AIDS Project under the PEPFAR USA-FGN (since December2006)
  • Research: Collaboration with other departments in various research projects on Sickle Cell Anaemia.

RESIDENCY TRAINING:
The Department has full accreditation of the West African and National post graduate colleges to train resident doctors in haematology and blood transfusion with position for about ten resident doctors.

STUDY GROUP/ COMMITTEES: The department is a member of the :

  • Hospital lymphoproliferative disorder study group
  • Oncology group
  • Blood transfusion committee
  • HIV /AIDS management teams

COURSES IN HAEMATOLOGY AND BLOOD TRANSFUSION: FIRST SEMESTER

HEM 201: HAEMOPOIESIS
DEVELOPMENT,REGULATION AND BONE MARROW MICROENVIROMENT;STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF BLOOD CELLS. HAEMOGLOBIN STRUCTURE,FORMATION AND FUNCTION.

HEM 203: DISORDERS OF RED BLOOD CELLS I
APLASTIC ANAEMIA:INHERITED AND ACQUIRED;INHERITED HAEMOLYTIC ANAEMIA; HAEMOGLOBINOPATHY, SICKLE CELL DISEASE, ENZYMOPATHIES,G-6PD, MEMBRANE DEFICIENCIES; ACQUIRED HAEMOLYTIC ANAEMIA, IMMUNE MEDIATED AND OTHERS..

HEM 205: DISORDERS OF RED BLOOD CELLS II
NUTRITIONAL ANAEMIAS: METABOLISM OF FOLIC ACID AND VITAMIN B 12, MEGALOBLASTIC ANAEMIA, IRON METABOLISM AND IRON OVERLOAD, DYSERYTHROPOIESIS,ANAEMIA OF CHRONIC DISORDERS, ANAEMIA IN PREGNANCY,RENAL FAILURE, PREMATURITY, MALIGNANCIES, ETC.

HEM 207: HAEMOSTASIS
COAGULATION AND COAGULATION DISORDERS- INHERITED AND ACQUIRED; PLATELETS AND PLATELET DISORDERS-INHERITED AND ACQUIRED; VASCULAR BLEEDING DISORDERS- INHERITED AND ACQUIRED; DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION AND MICROANGIOPATHY; THROMBOSIS- ARTERIAL AND VENOUS THROMBOSIS; THROMBOPHYLIA AND THROMBOEMBOLISM- DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

HEM 209: BLOOD TRANSFUSION MEDICINE
RED CELL ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES; BLOOD COMPONENTS- PREPARATION AND USES; BLOOD DONATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURE; BLOOD PRESERVATION AND BANKING; TECHNIQUES IN BLOOD GROUPING AND CROSSMATCHING SEROLOGY; TRANSFUSION TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS; COMPLICATIONS OF BLOOD TRANSFUSION; INDICATIONS FOR BLOOD TRANSFUSION AND BLOOD TRANSFUSION TRIGGERS; PLASMAPHERESIS AND APHERESIS; BED SIDE BLOOD TRANSFUSION.

HEM 2011: THEORY OF PRACTICALS AND PRACTICAL HAEMATOLOGY I
LABORATORY SAFETY; PACKED CELL VOLUME, RED CELL INDICES, RETICULOCYTE COUNT; PLTELET COUNT; ESR; HAEMOGLOBIN ELECTROPHORESIS, SICKLING TEST, SOLUBILITY TEST; BLEEDING TIME, COAGULATION PROFILE, MONITORING OF ANTICOAGULATION.

SECOND SEMESTER

HEM 202: BODY DEFENCE SYSTEM
CELLULAR INNATE AND IMMUNE SYSTEM; LYMPHOID TISSUE AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT; CYTOKINES AND CHEMOKINES; CELLULAR RECEPTORS- ACTIVATORS AND INHIBITORS; IMMUNODEFICIENCIES- INHERITED AND ACQUIRED; NON CLONAL PROLIFERATION OF BLOOD CELLS

HEM 204: CYTOGENESIS; MOLECULAR BIOLOGY IN HAEMATOLOGY
KARYOTYPING AND FLUORESCENCE IN-SITU HYBRIDIZATION (FISH); NUCLEIC ACID TESTING; ONCOGENESIS; CHEMOTHERAPY, IMMUNOTHERAPY AND IMMUNOMODULATORS: MODE OF ACTIONS, COMPLICATIONS, ADMINSTRATION AND MONITORING

HEM 206: HAEMATO-ONCOLOGY 1: LEUKAEMIAS AND LYMPHOMAS
ACUTE AND CHRONIC- DIAGNOSIS, CLASSIFICATION, STAGING, PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT; MALIGNANT LYMPHOMAS- DIAGNOSIS, CLASSIFICATION, STAGING, PROGNOSIS AND TREATMENT, MULTIPLE MYELOMA: DIAGNOSIS, CLINICAL PRESENTATION, PROGNOSTIC FEATURES AND MANAGEMENT

HEM 208: HAEMATO-ONCOLOGY 2: MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS
MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS: CLASSIFICATIONS, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT; MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME: CLASSIFICATION, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

HEM 210: SEMINARS IN HAEMATOLOGY
PATERNITY DISPUTE AND HUMAN LEUKOCYTE ANTIGEN TYPING; STEM CELL TRANSPLANT; QUALITY ISSUES; CLINICAL AUDIT IN HAEMATOLOGY; HAEMATOLOGY CONSULTATIONS AND PROTOCOLS.

HEM 212: APPRECIATION OF HAEMATOLOGY DATA
CLINICAL RELEVANCE- SENSITIVITY, SPECIFICITY AND PREDICTIVE VALUES; REFERENCE VALUES, GOLD STANDARDS FOR DIAGNOSIS; PROGNOSTIC INDICATORS AND DISEASE MONITORS

HEM 214: THEORY OF PRACTICALS AND PRACTICAL HAEMATOLOGY II
RED CELL ANTIGEN AND BLOOD GROUPING, CROSS MATCH AND COOMBS TEST; SAFE BLOOD DONATION AND STORAGE; TRANSFUSION TRANSMISSIBLE INFECTION TESTING; PREPARATION OF BLOOD PRODUCTS; WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT, BLOOD FILM PREPARATION, BLOOD FILM READING, BONE MARROW ASPIRATION AND BIOPSY.

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