Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery has evolved slowly over the years from Oral/Dental Surgery, as a branch of Dentistry. Many of specialised procedures now incorporated in Maxillofacial Surgery have been in the recent past, included in other medical specialties of General and Plastic Surgery, Orthopaedic and Otorhinolaryngology. Today, it has developed as a distinct and highly specialised branch of surgical practice which deals with diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities of human jaws and associated structures.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is taught in close collaboration with specialties such as Oral Diagnosis, Oral Medicine, Prosthodontics and Orthodontics as integral parts of Dentistry.
Emphasis is laid on the recognition of various forming tissue conditions, and the surgical management of oral lesions, local anaesthetic technique, exodontia, management of infections and traumatology. In recent past, management of congenital deformities as well as dental implantology has been included in the curriculum.