Department of Paedeatrics And Child Health

Dr. Barakat Adeola Animasahun (MB; BS, MPH, FWACP, FMCPaed, FACC)
Associate Professor & Honorary Consultant
Ag. Head of Department of Paediatrics and Child Health
(LASUCOM/LASUTH)

INTRODUCTION
The Department of Paediatrics and Child Health was established in 2003 within the Faculty of Clinical Sciences of LASUCOM. It is the responsibility of the Department to impact knowledge of the foundation, science and practice of Paediatrics and Child Health to undergraduate students. This goal has been pursued through didactic lectures, tutorials and apprenticeship.

Training of medical students has been a major area of co-operation with the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital where staff and facilities are also enlisted for the purpose. Hands-on skills are enhanced through the assistance of LASUTH house officers and registrars. In turn, teaching staff of the department play a key role in postgraduate training of resident doctors in LASUTH. In time, it is hoped that at least one postgraduate program in Paediatrics and Child Health will be established in the Faculty.

DEPARTMENTAL AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

  • To provide sound basic training to medical students in theoretical and clinical Paediatrics and Child Health.
  • The objective is to equip the students with cognate knowledge, technical skills and judgment to enable them achieve some measure of competence in the practice of the discipline.
  • To research into Paediatrics and Child Health issues with special reference to the sub- region
  • To collaborate with related institutions for the training of postgraduate doctors in Paediatrics
  • To work towards the development of Faculty-based postgraduate programs in Paediatrics and Child Health

DEPARTMENTAL ACTIVITIES
Academic Activities:

  • Formal lectures and tutorials for medical students
  • Seminars and Journal reviews
  • Clinical meetings and morbidity/mortality conferences
  • Side-laboratory teaching
  • Radiology and Post mortem sessions

Clinical/Professional Activities
Most clinical duties are effected through “Units” headed by teaching staff and Consultant Paediatricians of LASUTH (also Associate Lecturers of the Department) with special interests in the various subject areas. The units are staffed by resident doctors and house-officers of LASUTH. Currently there are eight (8) units with plans to establish more as staff strength increases:

  • Children Emergency Unit
  • Neonatal Unit
  • Respiratory Unit
  • Dermatology and Allergy Unit
  • Cardiology Unit
  • Neurology Unit
  • Nephrology Unit
  • Gastroenterology/Nutrition Unit
  • Haematology Unit
  • Endocrinology Unit to be established

With the emergence of HIV/AIDS as a major childhood health issue, two academic staff have been specifically assigned to that subject area.

Unit activities involve clinical ward rounds for service to patients and for teaching undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Each Consultant/Teaching staff also runs a clinic at least once a week to attend to follow-up patients as well as newly referred cases.

Clinical services are maintained on a 24-hour basis by a team-on-call led by a pair of Consultants in rotation.

MODE OF INSTRUCTION TO STUDENTS
Students rotate through the department in batches for a continuous stretch of sixteen weeks. During this period, they receive formal and informal instructions through didactic lectures, interactive tutorial, bed-side teaching and apprenticeship in clinics.

MODE OF ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS
Log Book : Each student is provided with a logbook for recording demonstrated skills, attendance at lectures and engagement in other requisite departmental academic and professional activities. At the end of the posting, the logbooks are scored according to the performance of the individual candidate.

Mid-Posting Assessment : This usually takes place midway into the sixteen week rotation through the department. It comprises multiple choice questions and short answer questions.

End-of-Posting Assessment : The students are assessed using multiple choice questions, short answer questions and long essays. There is also a long-case clinical examination.

These first three methods of assessment together, are referred to as continuous assessment and constitute 30% of the overall examination in Paediatrics.

Third Professional MB;BS Examination : The final examination in Paediatrics involves theoretical papers (multiple choice questions, short answer questions and long essays) and utilization of clinical skills (Objective Structured Clinical Examination OSCE). An oral examination (viva voce) is sometimes included in the examination format.

This final examination accounts for 70% of the overall examination in Paediatrics and together with the continuous assessment, make up the Third Professional Examination.

Special Comments
A minimum attendance of 75% at requisite departmental activities is required for the student to be eligible for the 3rd Professional Examination.

In order to secure an overall 'Pass' in the 3rd Professional Examination in Paediatrics, the student must:

  • Score a minimum aggregate score of 50% from continuous assessment and the final examination.
  • Score a minimum of half the marks assigned to the OSCE of the final examination.
  • Score enough marks in the Long-Case examination of the End- of-posting assessment to make up for any deficit in OSCE to satisfy 'b' above.

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